The Carajás railway corridor connects the world’s largest iron ore mine, operated by mining company Vale in Brazil’s Amazon region, to the company’s maritime terminal. Carajás is one of the few integrated railway corridors financed by a mining company that, apart from transporting the iron ore that made the investment viable, also transports general cargo and operates passenger services. Besides the shared-use or open-access arrangement along the railroad, third parties also benefit from Vale’s investments in port, airport, and information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure.
Building on CCSI’s work on leveraging mining-related infrastructure investment for development, this study provides insights into the logistics and institutional setup of the Carajás corridor and lessons learned for other countries seeking to implement a similar shared-use approach. It also provides insights into the benefits and costs related to the corridor, as well as opportunities to increase the development benefits resulting from its shared use. Read the full report (in high resolution or low resolution) and the executive summary.
Indigenous and Tribal peoples’ right to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) has transformative potential. Yet, there is a considerable gap between the theory and what happens in practice. Global actors supporting recognition of FPIC and effective prior consultation processes usually focus on normative standards and best practices. They concentrate much less on addressing the political challenges and opportunities that shape how these processes unfold.
With funding from the Ford Foundation, we looked at the politics of FPIC in Latin America, analyzing how the power and interests of the key players–across governments, companies and indigenous peoples–can determine the fate of FPIC and consultation processes in practice. This research focused on Brazil, Colombia, and Peru, and provides practical options to address key political challenges in hopes of improving outcomes for indigenous and tribal peoples.
In addition, we are partnering with Dejusticia and the multi-stakeholder Dialogue Group for Mining in Colombia (GDIAM) to explore further the political impediments to meaningful mining consultation processes in that country, and to field ideas for navigating these more effectively in the future.
Download full report here:
Download the summary brief here: