Areas Extractive Industries

Extractive Industries


Conceptualizing Economic Linkages to the Resource Sector

Tags: Research

GIZ has been working with CCSI to develop research and training materials around economic linkages to the resource sector.

Tanzania Diagnostic Trade Integration Study

CCSI has been contracted to perform the extractive industries section of the World Bank Diagnostic Trade Integration Study (DTIS) for Tanzania. The study aims to identify the internal and external trade constraints that hinder the development of the priority sectors and provide policy recommendations on how these obstacles can be overcome. The Government of Tanzania… read more

Assessing Water-Related Legal Risks in the Mining Sector

Mining projects require access to water. With increased water scarcity and adverse environmental impacts becoming more prominent, the number of conflicts with local communities about the availability and quality of water has been on the rise, and this trend is set to continue. Against this backdrop, Norges Bank Investment Management (NBIM) approached the Columbia Water… read more

Negotiation Support to Resource Rich, Low-and Middle Income Countries

CCSI has launched a series of meetings of negotiation support providers to create a forum to discuss common challenges and opportunities and to facilitate greater coordination among support providers. The overall objective of these meetings is to improve the availability, accessibility and quality of technical assistance and trainings for host governments at all stages of preparing for, negotiating and implementing large-scale deals.

Enabling Resource Contract Transparency

Contract transparency in natural resources is an emerging norm that many governments, companies and international institutions have endorsed, particularly within the extractive industries. However, more must be done to make it a standardized and meaningful norm that leads to better accountability within the extractive industries as well as around investments in land, agriculture, and forestry…. read more

Open Fiscal Models

Alongside growing revenue and contract transparency, increasing model transparency is needed. Only with financial model transparency can relevant actors better assess whether contracts are balanced in terms of fiscal returns and understand when revenues start flowing to the government. CCSI strongly supports financial model transparency and has developed two open fiscal models. We are currently… read more

Natural Resources for Sustainable Development: The Fundamentals of Oil, Gas and Mining Governance (facilitated MOOC)

Twice a year, CCSI, Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI), the World Bank and the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) offer a massive open online course (MOOC) on Natural Resources for Sustainable Development: The Fundamentals of Oil, Gas and Mining Governance. This MOOC, (delivered in English), is designed for the participation of large numbers of geographically dispersed… read more

Mining and Water Risk: Diagnosis, Benchmarking, and Quantitative Analysis of Financial Impacts

Tags: Research

As part of 3-year grant from Norges Bank Investment Management (NBIM), CCSI is working with the Columbia Water Center to develop and benchmark a modeling platform for quantitatively assessing the environmental risks associated with gold and copper mining projects and their resulting financial implications.

Mining Contracts: How to Read and Understand Them

In December 2013, a diverse group of 14 experts from Africa, Asia, North and South America, and Europe worked together for five days to produce a user-friendly guide in English and in French on “Mining Contracts: How to Read and Understand Them,” to help policy makers, civil society, citizens, and the media understand the often… read more

ResourceContracts.org: A Database of Publicly Available Oil, Gas and Mining Contracts

ResourceContracts.org CCSI, together with the World Bank and Natural Resource Governance Institute, has developed ResourceContracts.org, an online, searchable and user-friendly database of publicly available oil, gas and mining contracts from around the world. Users can search contracts by country, by natural resource or by type of contract; view summaries of key social, environmental, fiscal, and operational provisions; and download… read more

Comparing Mineral Regimes: Licensing vs. Contracts

Tags: Research

CCSI examined the advantages and disadvantages of different minerals regimes (licensing regimes vs. contractual arrangements) in 18 countries around the world. For the 13 countries that used mining contracts, CCSI further examined the contract negotiation and implementation processes of 30 mining contracts as well as the relationship between those countries’ mining contracts and their legal regimes. CCSI also identified potential opportunities for external experts to support resource rich, low income countries in contract negotiations.

The Mine of the Future

Tags: Research

CCSI, IISD and Engineers Without Borders researched the technological innovations that are being developed, assessing when these technologies could be rolled out, and quantifying their impact on local employment and procurement and how local content policies should adapt.

Fossil Fuel Companies and Climate Change

CCSI has been exploring what strategies fossil fuel companies have embraced in order to address climate change concerns and what responsible investors could request from fossil fuel companies in order to move towards a decarbonized economy.

Tanzania Oil and Gas Capacity-Development Program

CCSI has partnered with the International Senior Lawyers Project (ISLP) and Tanzania’s UONGOZI Institute to develop a capacity-development program for Tanzania’s Oil & Gas Negotiation Team

New Petroleum Producers Discussion Group

CCSI is a knowledge partner to the New Petroleum Producers Discussion Group project, co-organized and sponsored by Chatham House, NRGI, the Africa Governance Initiative and the Commonwealth Secretariat. This project aims to help emerging oil and gas producers to think critically about the various policy options available during the first steps of exploration and development or when restructuring their… read more

Mining and the Sustainable Development Goals

In September 2015, the UN member states agreed on a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which represent the global agenda for equitable, socially inclusive, and environmentally sustainable economic development until 2030. Mining companies have the potential to become leading partners in achieving the SDGs. Through their direct operations, mining companies can generate profits, employment, and economic growth in… read more

Comparing Lessons Learned for Extractive Industry Investments and Large Land-Based Agricultural Investments

CCSI has brought together stakeholders to explore good governance initiatives for extractive industry investments and large land-based agricultural investments — in particular, whether, and if so, why, certain good governance efforts may be more advanced in one sector than in the other, and what could be done to further advance governance initiatives in both sectors.

Leveraging Mining-Related Infrastructure Investments for Development

Tags: Research

With the support of the World Bank and the Australian Government, CCSI has been exploring regulatory, operational and commercial models to leverage mining-related infrastructure for broader development needs.

Managing the Public Trust: How to Make Natural Resource Funds Work for Citizens

Tags: Research

The Natural Resource Governance Institute (NRGI) and the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment (CCSI) have conducted a world-wide survey of NRFs looking at their management, investments, transparency, and accountability to the public, as well as the fiscal rules that govern them. This project seeks to foster cross-country experience-sharing on fund governance.

Employment from Mining and Investments in Land for Agriculture

The employment potential of investments in extractive industry projects and land acquisitions for agriculture is often touted both by governments and by companies in support of investor-friendly policies and large-scale investments in natural resources. CCSI is examining how job numbers are calculated, which factors influence job creation, and the quality and sustainability of these jobs, as well as whether job creation generated from these investments is net positive.

Community Development Requirements: Domestic Laws, Best Practices, and Community Development Agreements Database

The project is collecting and reviewing community development requirements for mining companies and aims to create a matrix that encompasses these requirements as well as a database of agreements.

A Regulatory, Operational and Commercial Framework for the Utilization of Associated Gas

Tags: Research

CCSI is working to develop a regulatory and operational framework that would unlock the value of the APG that is currently wasted, in order to improve energy efficiency, expand access to energy, and contribute to climate change mitigation, thus promoting sustainable development.

Developing a Collaborative Approach to Human Rights Impact Assessments

CCSI, the Sciences Po Law School Clinic, and the Danish Institute for Human Rights have developed a collaborative approach to human rights impact assessments (HRIAs) of private sector investment projects. HRIAs have become increasingly prominent in recent years, particularly as companies focus on conducting human rights due diligence and communities seek to better understand the… read more

A Framework to Leverage Mining-related Infrastructure

Thanks to a grant from the Australian Government, CCSI has developed an economically, legally and operationally rational framework to enable shared use of mining-related infrastructure, including rail, ports, power, water, internet and telecommunications.

Columbia International Investment Conference

Since 2006, CCSI has hosted an annual Columbia International Investment Conference. These annual conferences bring together numerous stakeholders including high-level government officials, corporate executives, investors, academics, and civil society for forward-looking policy discussions of critical issues in international investment for sustainable development. A list of the past Conferences, with links to the programs and materials,… read more

Supporting Governments in Relation to Fiscal and Legal Frameworks of the Extractive Industries Sector

CCSI is working with a number of governments and civil society organizations to provide advice on various issues relating to the regulatory regime for their extractive industries sector.

Executive Training on Extractive Industries and Sustainable Development

This program is designed to equip participants with the necessary skills to promote the responsible development of the extractive industries sector in resource-rich developing countries and to encourage a rich dialogue about best practices from around the globe.

Fiscal Regimes for Natural Resources

Tags: Research

CCSI is researching several aspects of designing and implementing a fiscal regime in an attempt to find legal and fiscal elements that can help avoid unanticipated consequences or disputes between the investor and the government over the course of the investment.

Support for Host Country Governments in the Planning, Preparation for, Negotiation, Implementation, and Monitoring of Large-Scale Investments

CCSI created a Negotiation Support Portal designed to improve the accessibility of technical assistance and of useful tools and resources to assist host governments planning, preparing for, negotiating, monitoring, and implementing large-scale investments in the extractive industries, land and agriculture, and infrastructure sectors, and to facilitate coordination among support providers and host governments.

Local Content Laws & Contractual Provisions

CCSI is examining local content provisions inserted in legal frameworks governing resource investments, including in contracts, legislation and bidding practices.

DRC: Human Rights Impact Assessments and Economic Models for Mining Projects

CCSI supported local organizations in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to carry out human rights impact assessments, as well as developing two economic models for the Sicomines mine in the DRC to compare the financial flows under the resource for infrastructure deal with a ‘traditional’ contract under the mining code of the DRC.

In-Country Trainings on Extractive Industries and Sustainable Development

CCSI regularly delivers adapted versions of the Executive Training Program on Extractive Industries and Sustainable Development in various host-countries around the world.

Checklist for Regulations to Facilitate the Imposition of Capital Gains Tax

Against the backdrop of highly profitable deals concluded between companies transferring project shares, CCSI has researched the challenges of imposing a Capital Gains Tax. The attached note outlines some scenarios by which direct and indirect transfers of project shares may take place, to serve as a broad checklist in designing regulations for a capital gains tax… read more

Extractive Industries Curriculum for Masters in Development Practice

The course covers the inter-related challenges of governance, infrastructure, economic diversification, environmental management, and economic development.

Business Case for Transparency

Tags: Research

CCSI strongly supports the transparency of contracts and tax flows and has published various research and papers making the business case for transparency, including two submissions to the SEC in 2011 and 2015.

Paraguay: Leveraging Paraguay’s Hydropower for Sustainable Economic Development

This advisory project to the Government of Paraguay explored the potential of a climate risk management system and sustainable agriculture activities to mitigate environmental vulnerability, and developed a high-level strategic plan to use Paraguay’s vast hydropower resources for sustainable economic development and the diversification of its economy.

Ad-hoc events

CCSI regularly hosts speakers, roundtables, workshops, and events on a variety of related topics.

Policy Briefs, Guides and Other Publications

CCSI produces a number of policy briefs, guides and other publications that are useful resources on topics of extractive industries, land and agriculture, and investment law and policy.

Review Mechanisms in Natural Resource Contracts

Tags: Research

CCSI has published a brief which examines the use of built-in review periods in extractive industry contracts as a mechanism for managing investor–host-country relations over the duration of a project. CCSI completed a survey of periodic review mechanisms contained in extractive industry contracts, to analyze how they have been used to date and understand the purposes for which they may usefully be applied.

Downstream Beneficiation of Extractive Resources

Tags: Research

This research looks at the economic prerequisites that attract first degree downstream beneficiation industries, such as steel mills, and the extent to which these industries have contributed to further domestic linkages in the past, and assesses whether it makes sense to provide large incentives for these investments.

UN: Support to the UN SDSN on the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda

CCSI provides support to the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network Thematic Group 10 on Good Governance of Extractive and Land Resources.

Mozambique: Development of a Five-Pillar Plan for Resource-Based Development

This 2011 project examined how the vast resource deposits in the Tete province, combined with other major investments along the Nacala and Beira corridors, can be the basis for sustainable, equitable and inclusive growth in the Lower Zambezi Basin.

Fostering Knowledge and Technology Spillovers of Extractive Industry Investments

Tags: Research

This research project assesses the channels through which knowledge and technology can be transferred and, based on successful country case studies, provides recommendations on how governments can enhance technological spillovers in oil, gas, and mining.

Liberia: Partnership with the National Investment Commission

CCSI assisted the National Investment Committee of the Government of Liberia in its review of the investment framework and investment proposals related to extractive industries and infrastructure.

Timor-Leste: Support to the Strategic Development Plan

CCSI supported the drafting and adoption of the 20 year strategic development plan (SDP) for Timor-Leste, which was well-received by the development partners, and helped to develop new institutions and laws to optimize the use of the country’s petroleum fund for development.

Guinea, Tanzania, and Zambia : Integrated Community Development at Mine Sites

CCSI is collaborating with the Earth Institute and Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Centers in West and East Africa to adapt the broad precepts of the Millennium Villages Project to the specific conditions of mining sites.

Australia: Supporting the evaluation of the EITI pilot

The University of Queensland (UQ) sub-contracted with CCSI to support the evaluation of the Australian EITI pilot that UQ is undertaking. CCSI brought its international experience with EITI implementation to the evaluation team.

Comparing Company Profits and Government Revenues from Extractives During the ‘Commodity Super Cycle’

Tags: Research

This research project aims to assess whether it is reasonable for governments to demand a larger share of the pie by comparing company profits to government revenues during the boom years.

Contextualizing Stabilization Clauses

Tags: Research

This research assesses whether political risk indicators are a good measure to predict fiscal regime changes, with the ultimate aim to create a framework which investors and governments can use to negotiate the length of future stabilization clauses.

Review of Competitive Bidding Frameworks for Natural Resource Rights

Tags: Research

This study surveyed the trend toward countries integrating competitive bidding provisions for mineral rights allocation into their national legislation and regulations, and sought to analyze these issues.

Strategic Environmental Assessment

Tags: Research

The aims of this research are to propose how and when strategic environmental assessments can be integrated into planning processes in the pre-contracting phase and to support governments at the ministerial level in their implementation, looking at tools and institutional framework enabling participatory and cross-ministerial processes.

Resource for Infrastructure Deals

Tags: Research

CCSI, in collaboration with the Carter Center, is developing two economic models for the Sicomines mine in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to compare the financial flows under the resource for infrastructure deal with a ‘traditional’ contract under the mining code of the DRC.

Cross-Border Pipelines

Tags: Research

This project examined the bargaining power of cross-border pipeline transit countries and the range of factors that influence it, including their position in the pipeline, their commercial interest in the project as well as their foreign policy strategy.