Reports and Policy Papers

International Gas Outlook and Implications for Developing Tanzania’s Gas Projects

In the frame of its partnership with Uongozi – Tanzania, CCSI drafted a brief that reviews recent international gas developments, the outlook in this regard and implications for the development of proposed offshore gas projects in Tanzania. As the country aims to benefit from its gas discoveries by increasing its domestic gas use, it also outlines… read more

The Role of IPAs in Advancing Sustainable Development

CCSI and the World Association of Investment Promotion Agencies (WAIPA) have released The Role of IPAs in Advancing Sustainable Development, summarizing survey responses of IPAs regarding sustainable foreign direct investment (FDI). The survey results indicate that IPAs recognize both the crucial role of FDI in advancing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the role of… read more

Green Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries

The message is by now clear: our global economy must be fundamentally reoriented and redeployed in order to achieve the SDGs and the commitments of the Paris Climate Agreement. This requires action by all stakeholders, including non-financial and financial firms, debt and equity investors, government policymakers, and consumers. In terms of the amount of money… read more

Designing a Legal Regime to Capture Capital Gains Tax on Indirect Transfers of Mineral and Petroleum Rights: A Practical Guide

When a local asset (or a right relating to such asset) is sold, a country will generally have jurisdiction to levy a capital gains tax on the sale, both under domestic law and international treaty. This is called taxation of a “direct” transfer of a local asset. However, taxation becomes increasingly complicated when a company located… read more

Towards an Indicative List of FDI Sustainability Characteristics

Based on a review of 150 instruments, ranging from international investment agreements to codes of multinational enterprises, this paper identifies ten core characteristics of sustainable FDI and twenty emerging sustainable FDI characteristics widely accepted across ten stakeholder groups. The paper explores furthermore opportunities and mechanisms to advance the application of the sustainability characteristics. The FDI sustainability… read more

Guide to Land Contracts: Forestry Projects

Agricultural investment contracts and forestry projects can be complex, with complicated provisions that are difficult to understand. To assist non-lawyers in better understanding agricultural investment contracts, such as those available on OpenLandContracts.org, CCSI has developed a Guide to Land Contracts: Forestry Projects. This Guide, prepared by International Senior Lawyers Project staff and volunteers in collaboration with the Columbia… read more

Mechanisms for Consultation and Free, Prior and Informed Consent in the Negotiation of Investment Contracts

In March 2017, CCSI presented a working paper titled “Mechanisms for Consultation and Free, Prior and Informed Consent in the Negotiation of Investment Contracts” at the World Bank Land & Poverty Conference. The paper explores how consultation and FPIC processes can be integrated into investor-state contract negotiations, taking into account the practicalities of contract negotiations,… read more

Articulating a Rights-Based Argument for Land Contract Disclosure

In March 2017, CCSI presented a working paper titled “Articulating a Rights-Based Argument for Land Contract Disclosure” at the World Bank Land & Poverty Conference. The paper explores whether and how existing state obligations under human rights law require disclosure of land contracts and more transparent contracting processes around land investments. It focuses on the… read more

A Collaborative Approach to Human Rights Impact Assessments

This discussion paper, co-authored with the Danish Institute for Human Rights and the Sciences Po Law School Clinic, proposes a new approach to conducting human rights impact assessments (HRIAs) of business operations or projects, which brings together project-affected people, the company, and other stakeholders to jointly design and implement an assessment. The aim of this… read more

Conference Report: Climate Change and Sustainable Investment in Natural Resources: From Consensus to Action

A conference report on CCSI’s Conference on “Climate Change and Sustainable Investment in Natural Resources: From Consensus to Action” is available here, and a shorter outcome document , which was disseminated at COP22, is available here. These documents summarize the discussions at the eleventh annual Columbia International Investment Conference, which took place on November 2-3, 2016, at Columbia University…. read more