The Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment is privileged to have an Advisory Board consisting of distinguished experts, academics and practitioners. The Advisory Board provides advice on the overall direction of the Center, its activities and its priorities.
Jeffrey D. Sachs
Director, Center for Sustainable Development, Columbia University
Jeffrey D. Sachs is the Director of the Center for Sustainable Development, Quetelet Professor of Sustainable Development, and Professor of Health Policy and Management at Columbia University. He is Special Advisor to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon on the Millennium Development Goals, having held the same position under former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan. He is Director of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network. He is co-founder and Chief Strategist of Millennium Promise Alliance, and is director of the Millennium Villages Project. He is also one of the Secretary-General’s MDG Advocates, and a Commissioner of the ITU/UNESCO Broadband Commission for Development. He has authored several bestsellers including The End of Poverty (2005), Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet (2008), and The Price of Civilization (2011). His most recent books are To Move the World: JFK’s Quest for Peace (2013) and The Age of Sustainable Development (2015).
Advisory Board Members
Sheikh Khalid Bin Mustahail Al Mashani
Chair, Board of Directors, BankMuscat, Oman
Sheikh Khalid bin Mustahail Al Mashani is the Chair of the Board of Directors of BankMuscat, the leading financial services provider in the Sultanate of Oman. He has previously held varied key positions, including Advisor of International Trade Organisations to the Minister of Commerce and Industry in Oman. His responsibilities included review and implementation of International Trade Organisations treaties with Oman, thereby attracting and facilitating foreign direct investment in Oman. He holds a BSc. in Economics from Buckingham University (UK) and a Masters Degree in International Boundary Studies from the School of Oriental and African Studies (UK). He has also attended various executive training development programmes in banking, finance, investment, economics and management, including Strategic Finance and High Performance Leadership at the Institute of Management Development in Switzerland. He also serves as Director and Chair of several other leading companies in Oman and is well-known for his efforts in the field of human resource motivation.
CEO, International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM)
Tom Butler became President and CEO of ICMM in July 2015. Before joining ICMM, he spent 18 years with the International Finance Corporation (part of the World Bank Group) in the infrastructure and natural resource teams, with much of that time focused on mining and power projects in Africa. From 2011, he was Global Head of Mining, where he led a multi-disciplinary team of specialists responsible for IFC’s financing of mining exploration and development in emerging market countries, all in accordance with IFC’s environmental and social Performance Standards. He began his career as an officer in the British army. Prior to joining IFC, he was a project manager and engineer with oil and gas industry service companies Technip and Schlumberger. He holds an engineering degree from Cambridge University in the UK, and an MBA from INSEAD in France.
Olivier De Schutter
Member of the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Olivier De Schutter teaches International Law at the University of Louvain (UCL, Belgium) and at Sciences Po (Paris). A specialist of economic and social rights in the context of economic globalization, he was between 2008 and 2014 the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food, and is since 2015 a Member of the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. He has held visiting positions at various universities, including Columbia University, New York University, UC Berkeley, and Yale University. His work focuses on the intersections between human rights law, international trade law and investment law, and on the governance dimensions of the ecological transition.
Founder and Chair of the Advisory Council, Transparency International
Peter Eigen has worked in economic development and governance for several decades. He has worked as a World Bank manager of programs in Africa and Latin America; from 1988 to 1991 he was the Director of the Regional Mission for Eastern Africa of the World Bank. In 1993 he founded Transparency International (TI), an NGO promoting transparency and accountability in international development. From 1993 to 2005 he was Chair of TI and is now Chair of the Advisory Council. In 2005, he chaired the International Advisory Group of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI), was its Chair from 2006 to 2011 and is now EITI Special Representative. He has taught at Frankfurt Main, Harvard, Johns Hopkins, University of Washington and Bruges College of Europe. Since 2002, he is an Honorary Professor of Political Science at the Freie Universität, Berlin. He was awarded an ‘Honorary Doctor’ degree at the Open University, UK, the Readers Digest Award “European of the Year 2004,” and the 2007 Gustav Heinemann Award. Since 2007 he is a member of Kofi Annan’s Africa Progress Panel. He was a member of the Management Board of the African Legal Support Facility of the African Development Bank from 2009 to 2011. He is the founding chair of the Berlin Civil Society Center, member of the board of the NGO Kabissa, and a member of the Advisory Council of the Arnold-Bergstrasser-Institute in Freiburg.
Jonathan T. Fried
Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Canada to the World Trade Organization
Jonathan T. Fried is Canada’s Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the WTO. He plays a key role in multilateral trade negotiations, having served as Chair of the WTO’s General Council in 2014 and as Chair of the Dispute Settlement Body in 2013. He is currently the co-Chair of the G20’s Trade and Investment Working Group. Formerly Canada’s Ambassador to Japan; Executive Director for Canada, Ireland and the Caribbean at the IMF; Senior Foreign Policy Advisor to the Prime Minister; Senior Assistant Deputy Minister for the Department of Finance and Canada’s G7 and G20 Finance Deputy, he has also served as Associate Deputy Minister; Assistant Deputy Minister for Trade, Economic and Environmental Policy; Chief Negotiator on China’s WTO accession; Director General for Trade Policy; and chief counsel for NAFTA. He chairs the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Trade and Investment, and is a member of the Steering Committee the e15 initiative on Strengthening the Global Trading System. He is a member of the International Advisory Board of the Central and East European Law Institute. He was named in 2015 as the inaugural recipient of the Public Sector Lawyer Award by the Canadian Council on International Law to honour his service and contribution to public international law.
Jason A. Fry
Partner and Co-head of the International Arbitration Group, Clifford Chance Europe LLP; Former Secretary General, ICC International Court of Arbitration
Jason Fry is a Partner and Co-head of the International Arbitration Group of Clifford Chance Europe LLP, based in Paris. Between 2007 and 2012 he was Secretary General of the International Court of Arbitration of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) (Paris) and Director of Dispute Resolution Services of the ICC. He has over twenty years experience as counsel, advocate and arbitrator in international arbitration proceedings. He is a Solicitor of the Senior Courts of England and Wales and a Barrister and Solicitor of the High Court of New Zealand. He was the Member for New Zealand of the ICC International Court of Arbitration from 1999 until 2007 and was a member of the drafting committee for the 2012 ICC Rules of Arbitration. He received his LLB from Canterbury University, New Zealand, and his BCL from Oxford University. He is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, a member of the Board of the International Mediation Institute, a member of the Governing Body of the ICC Court and a member of the ad hoc advisory group on arbitration to the UK Department for Business, Innovation & Skills.
Professor of Law, University of Geneva; Partner, Lévy Kaufmann-Kohler
Gabrielle Kaufmann-Kohler is Professor, Geneva University Law School (since 1997); Director, Geneva LLM in International Dispute Settlement (MIDS), a joint program of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies and Geneva Law Faculty (launched in 2008); Director, Center for International Dispute Settlement (CIDS) launched in 2015; and Partner, Lévy Kaufmann-Kohler, Geneva. She practices in international commercial and investment and sports arbitration and has acted in over 200 international arbitrations, mainly as arbitrator. She appears on numerous institutional arbitration panels (including ICC, ICSID, AAA, LCIA, SIAC, CIETAC); conducts arbitrations under the rules of all major institutions; chaired the ad hoc division at the Olympic Games from 1996 until 2000; and is regularly ranked among the top ten arbitrators worldwide. She is honorary President of the Swiss Arbitration Association and President from 2001 to 2005; member of ICCA’s Governing Board, HKIAC Advisory Board, President of FIAA Board; former member of ICC Court, LCIA Court, AAA Board; and member of Swiss delegation to UNCITRAL Working Group II and Commission on Transparency in Investment Arbitration (2010 – 2013). Formerly, she was Assistant Professor (private international law), University of Geneva Law School, (1993-1997); Partner, Schellenberg Wittmer (1996-2007), and Partner (1985-1995) and Associate (1981-1985), Baker & McKenzie, Geneva and New York. After studies at the University of Geneva (law degree 1974) and a doctorate from the University of Basle (1979), she was admitted to both the Geneva Bar (1976) and the New York State Bar (1982). Numerous publications in the area of her specialization are available on www.lk-k.com.
President, Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights
Kerry Kennedy is the President of Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights. Since 1981, she has worked on diverse human rights issues including child labor, disappearances, indigenous land rights, judicial independence, freedom of expression, ethnic violence, impunity, women’s rights and the environment. She founded RFK Compass, which convenes biannual meetings of institutional investors who collectively control $5-7 trillion in assets to address the impact of human rights violations on investment outcomes. She is the author of Speak Truth to Power: Human Rights Defenders Who Are Changing Our World (2008) and New York Times Best Seller Being Catholic Now (2000). Speak Truth has grown to include a photography exhibit, Broadway play, award winning website, PBS documentary, and a twelve week education and toolkit for action packet now being taught to millions worldwide. She appears regularly on ABC, NBC, CBS, CNN and PBS as well as on networks in countries around the world, and her commentaries and articles have been published in The Boston Globe, The Los Angeles Times and The New York Times, among others. She served as Chair of the Amnesty International USA Leadership Council for over a decade. She serves on the boards of the U.S. Institute of Peace, Human Rights First, and the Kailash Setyarthis Children’s Foundation as well as several public companies. A graduate of Brown University and Boston College Law School, she has received numerous awards and honorary degrees.
Practice Manager, Energy and Extractives, World Bank Group
Sheila Khama is Practice Manager, Energy and Extractives at the World Bank Group, responsible for oil, minerals and gas projects in Latin America, East/Southern Africa, East/Central Europe and South Asia. She is a natural resources policy advisor and a former private sector executive with 20 years’ experience in and out of Africa. She was a member of the senior management team of the African Development Bank Group (AfDB) and headed the AfDB’s African Natural Resources Center established in 2013. Previously she led a gas, oil and minerals capacity building program of support to subSaharan policymakers at the African Center for Economic Transformation (ACET) in Ghana. She worked as a mining and banking sector executive for Anglo American Corporation, De Beers and First National Bank in Botswana. She is a seasoned negotiator of mineral concessions and commercial agreements. She serves on the Technical Advisory Group of the Natural Resources Governance Institute and the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network on extractives and land resources. She is chairperson of AGAMAL, a nonprofit entity financed by the Global Fund to contain malaria infection in Ghana. She serves on the Sustainability Advisory Panel for Lafarge and is a member of the Technical Advisory Group of the joint Oxford University and Revenue Watch Institute – Natural Resources Governance Institute. She holds an MBA from the University of Edinburgh and is a citizen of Botswana.
Secretary-General, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes
Meg Kinnear is currently the Secretary-General of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) at the World Bank. She was formerly the Senior General Counsel and Director General of the Trade Law Bureau of Canada, where she was responsible for the conduct of all international investment and trade litigation involving Canada, and participated in the negotiation of bilateral investment agreements. In November 2002, she was also named Chair of the Negotiating Group on Dispute Settlement for the Free Trade of the Americas Agreement. From October 1996 to April 1999, she was Executive Assistant to the Deputy Minister of Justice of Canada. Prior to this, she was Counsel at the Civil Litigation Section of the Canadian Department of Justice (from June 1984 to October 1996) where she appeared before federal and provincial courts as well as domestic arbitration panels. She was called to the Bar of Ontario in 1984 and the Bar of the District of Columbia in 1982. She received a B.A. from Queen’s University in 1978; an LL.B. from McGill University in 1981; and an LL.M. from the University of Virginia in 1982. She has published numerous articles on international investment law and procedure and is a frequent speaker on these topics. She is a co-author of Investment Disputes under NAFTA (published in 2006 and updated in 2008 & 2009). She also co-authored texts on Canadian legal procedure including Federal Court Practice (1988-1990, 1991-1992, and 1993-2009 annually) and 1995 Crown Liability and Proceedings Act Annotated (1994).
Justin Yifu Lin
Director, Center for New Structural Economics, and Honorary Dean, National School of Development, Peking University
Justin Yifu Lin is Director, Center for New Structural Economics, and honorary dean, National School of Development at Peking University. He was the Senior Vice President and Chief Economist of the World Bank, 2008-2012. Prior to this, he served for 15 years as Founding Director of the China Centre for Economic Research at Peking University. He is the author of 23 books including Against the Consensus: Reflections on the Great Recession, the Quest for Prosperity: How Developing Economies Can Take Off, Demystifying the Chinese Economy, and New Structural Economics: A Framework for Rethinking Development and Policy. He is a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy and a Fellow of the Academy of Sciences for Developing World.
Director, Sustainability and Corporate Responsibility, Vale S.A.
Alberto Ninio has over 25 years of experience in the regulatory, international, environmental, and corporate responsibility fields. He has also held various technical and managerial positions. Currently, he is Director, Sustainability and Corporate Responsibility at Vale, the world´s leading iron ore–mining company, where his duties focus on environment, social, health and safety, internal communications and external relations. From 2015-2017 he was Deputy General Counsel for Operations, Legal Vice Presidency, The World Bank in Washington DC where he oversaw all legal aspects of Bank operations, and from 2012-2015 he was Deputy General Counsel for Operations for Vale. Prior to 2012, he was Chief Counsel at the Legal Vice Presidency of The World Bank, where he led a series of pioneering environmental initiatives in Latin America, Africa, and Asia, such as structuring investment projects, delivering written and oral defenses, conducting contract negotiations related to funding, and participating in environmental and social studies. Before joining The World Bank in 1993, he worked as a lawyer at the Environmental Law Institute in Washington, D.C., and, in Brazil as a lawyer specializing in foreign investments. He was Professor of Environmental Law at American University and is affiliated with numerous professional organizations. He holds a degree in law from the National Law School of the Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro and a Master of International Law from American University.
David C. Noko
Executive Vice President, Social and Sustainable Development, AngloGold Ashanti Ltd.
David C. Noko is Executive Vice President, Social and Sustainable Development at AngloGold Ashanti Ltd. He is responsible for social development, sustainable development, global security, infrastructure and development strategies, human rights and public affairs. He is a member of the company’s Executive Committee. Prior to joining AngloGold Ashanti, he served as the Managing Director of CelaCorp. (Pty) Ltd and was the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd. He was previously Vice President of the Chamber of Mines, South Africa, and is a member of the Institute of Directors, among a host of other directorships. His most recent position was Deputy Chairman of the Board at Harmony Gold Mining. He is a mechanical engineer, and has an MBA from the Harriot-Watt University. He also completed a Senior Executive Programme at the London Business School.
Director, Department for Economic Development, Energy, Gender and Governance, NORAD
Petter Nore holds a Master of Science from London School of Economics, a Ph.D. from Thames Polytechnic and an Executive MBA from New York University, LSE and HEC. He is a Professor II at Bodoe University College. He has broad experience in the energy sector and has held positions in the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, Saga Petroleum oil company (Senior Vice President), the World Bank (Senior Energy Economist) and Norsk Hydro (Senior Vice President). Before leaving the private sector in 2007, he was heading Norsk Hydro in Russia. Prior to his current position at Norad, he was director of Oil for Development from 2007-2010 and director of the Energy Department from 2010-2011. He is a leading Norwegian expert on the Norwegian and international petroleum sector, was a member of the World Bank’s Extractive Industries Review committee (2002-2004), and has participated in several Norwegian Official committees.
Antonio M.A. Pedro
Director, Sub-regional Office for Central Africa, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
Antonio M.A. Pedro is a mineral exploration geologist with more than 30 years of experience in mineral resources development at national, sub-regional, and continental levels. Since August 2016, he is the Director of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)’s Sub-regional Office for Central Africa in Yaounde, Cameroon; previously, he was the Director of ECA’s Sub-regional Office for Eastern Africa in Kigali, Rwanda, and before that, Chief of Infrastructure and Natural Resources Development at ECA headquarters in Ethiopia. At ECA, he has been at the forefront of mineral policy analysis and formulation; he has played a leading role in the formulation of the Africa Mining Vision adopted by the African Union Heads of State in February 2009 and coordinated the work of the International Study Group on Africa’s Mineral Regimes. He has served as Director-General of the Southern and Eastern African Mineral Centre, a research centre in Tanzania, and Managing Director of several state-owned mining companies in Mozambique. A native of Mozambique, he has a Masters in Mineral Exploration from the Royal School of Mines at Imperial College, London.
Group Head of Government and Social Affairs, Anglo American
Jon Samuel is Group Head of Government and Social Affairs at Anglo American, based in London. He has responsibility for the development and delivery of policies, strategies, training programmes and guidance documents relating to the company’s host communities and governments. This work has included development and implementation of: the Anglo American Social Way, the company’s highly regarded management standards for social performance; the mining industry’s first standardised stakeholder complaints and grievance procedure; the Socio-Economic Assessment Toolbox (SEAT), Anglo American’s award winning guidance manual for community relations practitioners; and the company’s strategy for socio-economic development. Anglo American’s management of community issues has increasingly been cited as a benchmark for the extractive industries and the company consistently tops key industry rankings for social performance. In 2012 he was recognised by Business in the Community, one of Prince Charles’s charities, as one of 150 leaders who had made a significant contribution to responsible business practices in the UK in the thirty years since BITC was founded. He was also recently appointed a Senior Associate of the University of Cambridge Institute for Sustainability Leadership. He is an economist by training and studied at University College London and the University of Cambridge.
Karl P. Sauvant
Resident Senior Fellow, Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment
Karl P. Sauvant is Resident Senior Fellow at the Columbia Center on Sustainable Investment (CCSI), a joint center of Columbia Law School and the Earth Institute at Columbia University; Adjunct Professor and Senior Research Scholar at Columbia Law School and Guest Professor at Nankai University, China. Until February 2012, he was the Founding Executive Director of the Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment, the predecessor of CCSI. Until July 2005, he was Director of the UNCTAD’s Investment Division. While at the UN, he created the prestigious annual World Investment Report, of which he was the lead author until 2004. He authored a substantial number of publications on issues related to economic development, FDI and services. He is a Fellow of the Academy of International Business and an Honorary Fellow of the European International Business Academy. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1975.
Stephen M. Schwebel
Independent Arbitrator and Counsel; Former President of the International Court of Justice
Stephen M. Schwebel, former judge and president of the International Court of Justice (1981-2000), has been appointed chair or arbitrator in 62 arbitral proceedings, and has rendered expert opinions and acted as co-counsel in others. He currently is chair of the Court of Arbitration between Pakistan and India constituted to adjudge their dispute over Indus waters. In 2010, he was chair of the Independent Review Process Panel in the first case ever heard against the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. He is a member of ICSID’s panels of arbitrators, of the ICDR’s neutrals panel, and of the Permanent Court of Arbitration. He serves as president of the World Bank’s administrative tribunal, and was president of the administrative tribunal of the International Monetary Fund (1993-2010). He has authored International Arbitration: Three Salient Problems, Justice in International Law: Further Selected Writings, and some 200 articles on international law and arbitration. He graduated from Harvard College with highest honours in government, studied international law at Cambridge University, and received an LLB from Yale Law School. He is a member of the bars of the State of New York and the District of Columbia, an honorary bencher of Gray’s Inn, an honorary fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, and a door tenant of Essex Court Chambers, London.
Marcio Senne de Moraes
Director of External Affairs, Vale S.A.
Marcio Senne de Moraes is Vale`s External Affairs Director. Previously, he was External Affairs Head for Europe and North America and served as socio-political risk analysis/mitigation manager and general manager in the External Affairs Department since 2006. He has also supported projects and operations globally through issues management, stakeholder engagement, socio-political risk identification and proposal of mitigation strategies. Before joining Vale, he worked as assistant editor, reporter and senior international politics analyst for the Brazilian newspaper Folha de São Paulo (2000-2006). He has also worked at UNESCO in Paris, the United Nations Organization in New York, and for Germany-based J.M. Voith GmbH. He holds a MSc in Political Science focused on International Relations from the Institut d’Études Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po) and a Bachelor’s degree in Business Administration, focused on marketing, from Fundação Getúlio Vargas in São Paulo, Brazil. Together with Karl Sauvant, Marcio helped arrange Vale’s grant to found the Center at Columbia University in 2008.
CJ Koh Professor of Law, National University of Singapore
M Sornarajah is CJ Koh Professor of Law at the National University of Singapore and the Tunku Abdul Rahman Professor of Public International Law at the University of Malaya. He was previously Head of the Law School of the University of Tasmania, Australia. He studied law at the University of Ceylon, the Yale Law School, the London School of Economics and King’s College, London. He is the author of several books on international law, including the International Law on Foreign Investment (3rd Edition, Cambridge University Press, 2010). He has been counsel or arbitrator in several leading investment arbitrations. He is an Honorary Member of the Indian Society of International Law. His new book, Resistance and Change in International Investment Law is to be published by Cambridge University Press.
A. Pedro H. van Meurs
Leading Petroleum Economist; President, Van Meurs Corporation
A. Pedro H. van Meurs has provided petroleum consulting services for 39 years in or with respect to 80 countries around the world. He has been involved in developing oil and gas legislation and regulations or serving as a key economic advisor for dozens of these countries, including Bangladesh, Bolivia, Canada, China, Gabon, Kuwait, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, and the United States (Alaska). He has advised corporations, such as China’s CNOOC and the Kuwait Oil Company with regard to determining fiscal terms for oil and gas fields. He developed PETROCASH, which is the most comprehensive integrated database and computer model for World Fiscal Systems for Oil & Gas, published two books on petroleum economics and is currently co-producer of the study “World Rating of Oil and Gas Terms (2011).” Additionally, he has hosted the World Fiscal Systems for Oil & Gas course and participated in training seminars for governments and companies in more than 30 countries for the last 30 years.
Louis T. Wells
Herbert F. Johnson Professor Emeritus, Harvard Business School
Louis Wells is Herbert F. Johnson Professor Emeritus, Harvard Business School. He has served as consultant to governments of a number of developing countries, as well as to international organizations and private firms. His principal consulting activities have been concerned with foreign investment policy and with negotiations between foreign investors and host governments. His research interests include multinational enterprises; international business-government relations; foreign investment in developing countries; and foreign investment by firms from developing countries. He was the Coordinator for Indonesia Projects, Harvard Institute for International Development, Jakarta, Indonesia, in 1994-5. He is a Fellow of the Academy of International Business, a member of the Foreign Advisory Board at the Lahore Business School, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He received a BS in Physics from Georgia Tech and his MBA and DBA from the Harvard Business School.
Chief of Staff, Director of the Board Office, China Minmetals Corporation
Zhang Ye is Chief of Staff and Director of the Board Office for China Minmetals Corp, a state-owned mega company in the metals and minerals industry in China. He is also the Executive Director of Minmetals Mining Holdings (MMHL), the ferrous resource sector of Minmetals, responsible for strategy, business development, overseas operations and IT. He joined Minmetals in 1994 as a trader in cement, coal and iron ore. In 2002, he became the General Manager of the Strategic Planning and Business Development Department of China National Minerals Co., Ltd., the Ferrous Raw Materials and Metals strategic business unit of Minmetals, engaging in strategy and ferrous mining mergers and acquisitions. In 2005, he became the Executive Director of China National Minerals, with responsibility for strategy, investment and IT. In 2007, he successfully led the business team in the implementation of SAP Global Trade Management as a pilot in Minmetals. He is an Executive Member of the China Mining Association since 2008, a member of the SAP Industry Advisory Council for Mining & Metals since 2009, and a member of the World Economic Forum’s Expert Network.
Director, Investment & Enterprise Division, UNCTAD
James Zhan is Director of Investment and Enterprise at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). He leads the team that produces the annual UN World Investment Report. He has over two decades of national and international experience in the areas of trade, investment, technology, business facilitation and enterprise development, including directing policy research, international consensus-building and technical assistance to governments, parliaments and institutions in over 160 countries. He holds a number of advisory positions with academic institutions, including Cambridge University, Columbia University, Oxford University and the University of Geneva. He is also Global Agenda Council member of the World Economic Forum. He has published extensively on trade and investment-related economic and legal issues. He is a regular speaker at academic, business and policy forums, as well as parliamentary hearings and appears frequently in international media outlets.